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Concept 50 - Concept 50.4 Climate largely determines the...

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Concept 50.4 Climate largely determines the distribution and structure of terrestrial biomes Because there are latitudinal patterns of climate over the Earth’s surface, there are  also latitudinal patterns of biome distribution. climograph  denotes the annual mean temperature and precipitation of a region. Temperature and rainfall are well correlated with different terrestrial biomes, and  each biome has a characteristic climograph. Most terrestrial biomes are named for major physical or climatic features or for their  predominant vegetation. Vertical stratification is an important feature of terrestrial biomes. The  canopy  of the tropical rain forest is the top layer, covering the low-tree  stratum, shrub understory, ground layer, litter layer, and root layer. Grasslands have a canopy formed by grass, a litter layer, and a root layer.
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