Electron configuration influences the chemical behavior of an atom

Electron configuration influences the chemical behavior of an atom

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Electron configuration influences the chemical behavior of an atom. Simplified models of the atom greatly distort the atom’s relative dimensions. To gain an accurate perspective of the relative proportions of an atom, if the nucleus was  the size of a golf ball, the electrons would be moving about 1 kilometer from the nucleus. Atoms are mostly empty space. When two elements interact during a chemical reaction, it is actually their electrons that  are involved. The nuclei do not come close enough to interact. The electrons of an atom vary in the amount of energy they possess. Energy  is the ability to do work. Potential energy  is the energy that matter stores because of its position or location. Water stored behind a dam has potential energy that can be used to do work turning  electric generators. Because potential energy has been expended, the water stores less energy at the bottom of  the dam than it did in the reservoir. Electrons have potential energy because of their position relative to the nucleus.
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course BSC BSC1005 taught by Professor Orlando,rebecca during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Electron configuration influences the chemical behavior of an atom

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