Four abiotic factors are the major components of climate

Four abiotic factors are the major components of climate -...

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Four abiotic factors are the major components of climate. Climate  is the prevailing weather conditions in an area. Four abiotic factors—temperature, water, sunlight, and wind—are the major components  of climate. Climatic factors, especially temperature and water, have a major influence on the  distribution of organisms. Climate patterns can be described on two scales.  Macroclimate   patterns  are on global,  regional, or local levels, and  microclimate patterns  are very fine patterns such as the  conditions experienced by a community of organisms under a fallen log. Climate determines the makeup of  biomes,  the major types of ecosystems. Annual means for temperature and rainfall are reasonably well correlated with the biomes  found in different regions. Global climate patterns are determined by sunlight and Earth’s movement in space. The sun’s warming effect on the atmosphere, land, and water establishes the temperature  variations, cycles of air movement, and evaporation of water that are responsible for  latitudinal variations in climate. Bodies of water and topographic features such as mountain ranges create regional climatic  variations, while smaller features of the landscape affect local climates.
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course BSC BSC1005 taught by Professor Orlando,rebecca during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Four abiotic factors are the major components of climate -...

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