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Plant Kingdom continued

Plant Kingdom continued - or down Plant life span A Annual...

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Plant Kingdom continued Flower – reproductive organ of flowering plants (not all plants have flowers) A. Two main functions 1. Produce male & female gametes (sex cells) 2. Provide a place for fertilization 2.a.Pollination – transporting pollen (sperm) from the male to female parts 2.b. Fertilization – union of sperm with egg 2.c.Development of zygote that grows into a plant embryo Seeds Plants embryo and the food that forms around it Fruits A. Two main functions 1. House & protect seed 2. Help with seed dispersal B. Examples: tomatoes, okra, peaches, walnuts, cucumbers Plant tissues A. Xylem – transports water & minerals 1. Made of mostly dead cells 2. Cells stacked like drinking straws 3. Movement is up from roots to leaves B. Phloem – transports sugar throughout plant 1. Made of living cells 2. Movement is from where sugars are made to where sugars are needed (can be up
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Unformatted text preview: or down) Plant life span A. Annual – lives, reproduces, and dies in one year/ growing season B. Biennial – completes life cycle in 2 years C. Perennial – lives, reproduces, and continues to grow from year to year Woody vs. herbaceous A. Woody plants – trees, shrubs, vines B. Herbaceous – do not produce wood (ex. fern, tomatoe, daisies) Asexual Reproduction A. Vegetative reproduction 1. Natural (aspens, bamboo) 2. Above & below ground; stems from new plants B. Artificial reproduction 1. Cutting – piece of stem or leaf planted & grows new plant 2. Grafting – inserting a piece of one plant in a slit of a second one 3. Growing tissue cultures – grow an entire plant from small samples...
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