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The energy transformations of life are subject to two laws of thermodynamics

The energy transformations of life are subject to two laws of thermodynamics

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The energy transformations of life are subject to two laws of thermodynamics. Thermodynamics  is the study of energy transformations. In this field, the term system refers to the matter under study and the surroundings include  everything outside the system. A closed system, approximated by liquid in a thermos, is isolated from its surroundings. In an open system, energy and matter can be transferred between the system and its  surroundings. Organisms are open systems. They absorb energy—light or chemical energy in the form of organic molecules—and release  heat and metabolic waste products such as urea or CO 2  to their surroundings. The  first law of thermodynamics  states that energy can be transferred and transformed,  but it cannot be created or destroyed. The first law is also known as the principle of conservation of energy. Plants do not produce energy; they transform light energy to chemical energy.
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The energy transformations of life are subject to two laws of thermodynamics

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