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The Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project - The Human Genome Project The...

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The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is a massive, government-funded project whose goal is to determine the base sequence of all of the human chromosomes. It would take 200 volumes of 1,000 pages each just to list the letters of the bases. Knowledge of the sequences of all genes making it easier to study, diagnose, and treat many kinds of human genetic diseases. Information on gene sequences is important in the development of gene therapy techniques. The information is expected to lead to a better understanding of genetic systems, and ultimately answers to mysteries surrounding such topics as gene regulation and cancer. Safety and Ethical Issues Harmful organisms may be accidentally produced. For example a genetically-engineered organism may be pathogenic or capable of causing ecological destruction. To minimize this risk, most laboratories work only with microorganisms that have been modified so that they cannot survive in nature in case they are accidentally released. Organisms that are
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