HW #13 - AP Biology Period 3 #19 Amit Patel 11/16/09...

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#19 Amit Patel 11/16/09 Homework #13 (091106): Chapter 13 (due Friday 091106) Total points: 20 for Attempt on all questions ONE Concept Map: 10 points Objectives The Basis of Heredity 1. Explain in general terms how traits are transmitted from parents to offspring. Traits are transmitted to offspring in inheritance. Variation causes the offspring to differ from there parents. -heredity (inheritance) -variation: offspring differ 2. Distinguish between asexual and sexual reproduction. During asexual reproduction, a single individual passes of all its genes to its offspring. In sexual reproduction, two parents produce offspring that have combinations of its parents’ genes. -asexual reproduction -single individual sole parent -sexual reproduction (2) -two parents The Role of Meiosis in Sexual Life Cycles 3. Distinguish between the following pairs of terms: a. somatic cell and gamete b. autosome and sex chromosome Somatic cells are cells that have a full 2 sets of DNA in their nucleus. Gametes are haploid cells, like egg or sperm with only one full set of DNA. Gametes can unite during sexual reproduction to produce a diploid zygote through fertilization. -somatic cells: any cell other than a gamete (have 46 chromosomes) -gametes: haploid cells (egg/sperm) unite during sexual reproduction to form diploid zygote -sex chromosome (X, Y): determines sex of individual -autosomes: other chromosomes 4. Explain how haploid and diploid cells differ from each other. State which cells in the human body are diploid and which are haploid. Haploid cells are cells that have a single chromosomes set, mixed from each parent are
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course BIOL 701 taught by Professor Chan during the Spring '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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HW #13 - AP Biology Period 3 #19 Amit Patel 11/16/09...

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