Project AFinal - Project A Instructor Mr Chan Amit Patel period 3 October 19th 2011 Table Of Contents Title Page Paragraphs of Description 3-8

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Project A Instructor: Mr. Chan Amit Patel period 3 October 19 th , 2011 Table Of Contents Title Page
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Paragraphs of Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8 Reflection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .…10 Identified Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Document from Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-17 Paragraphs of Description An Introduction Ever since penicillin was discovered in 1929 by Alexander Flemming, bacterial infections that were deadly to humans have been reduced to minor illnesses. Anti-
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microbial medicines have to lead an unprecedented increase in human life expectancy, population, and the ability of medical sciences to combat all but the deadliest of illnesses. However, a very small number of bacteria are resistant to certain antibiotics. This means, every time a patient with some resistant bacteria takes a drug, all the bacteria but the resistant ones are killed. Eventually, through this accelerated natural selection, the only bacteria left are the dangerous, drug resistant ones. Bacteria are very quickly evolving drug resistance, and our omnipresent use of antibiotics is in fact, acting as a catalyst for this problem, and this could pose serious public health risks if a drug resistant epidemic of “super bacteria” ever happened. Bacteria evolving drug resistance is already a serious problem in hospitals, where 70% of in-hospital infections are now resistant to some sort of drug. Already diseases like wound infections, tuberculosis, pneumonia, septicemia and ear infections are becoming difficult to treat with antibiotics. Unless we respond properly to these developments in bacteria, society will be faced with previously treatable diseases that are now impossible to stop. A History of Anti-biotic medicines and resistance and Their Effects on Society In 1929, Alexander Flemming discovered penicillin, a drug produced by mold that inhibited the growth of bacteria on accident. By 1939, scientists had managed to isolate the penicillin component of the drug and made it into a usable antibiotic. During WW 2, penicillin saved hundreds of thousands or even millions of lives. Meanwhile, Gerhard Domagk, a German doctor, managed to create a synthetic, antibacterial called Prontosil, the first of a long line of antibiotics called sulfamonides. By 1946, penicillin had revolutionized medicine and was used to treat a variety of different diseases. Meanwhile,
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a whole new generation of antibacterial drugs had sprung up in the late 40’s and early 50’s that set the age of the antibiotic into motion. Drugs have been produced to treat just about any bacterial infection, and antibiotics have saved countless lives since then. Antibiotics have revolutionized world society as of now, they have changed the face of
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This note was uploaded on 01/04/2012 for the course BIOL 701 taught by Professor Chan during the Spring '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Project AFinal - Project A Instructor Mr Chan Amit Patel period 3 October 19th 2011 Table Of Contents Title Page Paragraphs of Description 3-8

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