25_TestBank_TB - Biology 7e(Campbell Chapter 25 Phylogeny...

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Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 25: Phylogeny and Systematics Chapter Questions 1) Which combination of the following species characteristics would cause the greatest likelihood of fossilization in sedimentary rock? I. The species was abundant. II. The species was widespread. III. The species had hard body parts. IV. The species was adapted to desert life. V. The species had a long duration in geologic time. A) III only B) III and IV C) I, II, and III D) I, II, and V E) I, II, III, and V Answer: E Topic: Concept 25.1 Skill: Comprehension 2) The ostrich and the emu look very similar and live in similar habitats, however they are not very closely related. This is an example of A) divergent evolution. B) convergent evolution. C) exaptation. D) adaptive radiation. E) sympatric speciation. Answer: B Topic: Concept 25.1 Skill: Comprehension 3) Which of the following pairs are homologous? A) bat wing and human hand B) owl wing and hornet wing C) porcupine quill and cactus spine D) bat forelimb and bird wing E) Australian mole and North American mole Answer: A Topic: Concept 25.1 Skill: Comprehension 4) Some molecular data place the giant panda in the bear family (Ursidae) but place the lesser panda in the raccoon family (Procyonidae). The morphological similarities of these two species must therefore be due to A) inheritance of acquired characteristics. B) sexual selection. C) inheritance of shared derived characters. D) convergent evolution. E) possession of shared primitive characters. Answer: D Topic: Concept 25.1 Skill: Comprehension 1
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5) The correct sequence from the most to the least comprehensive of the taxonomic levels listed here is A) family, phylum, class, kingdom, order, species, and genus. B) kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. C) kingdom, phylum, order, class, family, genus, and species. D) phylum, kingdom, order, class, species, family, and genus. E) phylum, family, class, order, kingdom, genus, and species. Answer: B Topic: Concept 25.2 Skill: Knowledge 6) The common house fly belongs to all of the following taxa. Assuming you had access to textbooks or other scientific literature, knowing which of the following should provide you with the greatest amount of detailed information about this specific organism? A) order Diptera B) family Muscidae C) genus Musca D) class Hexapoda E) phylum Arthropoda Answer: C Topic: Concept 25.2 Skill: Application 7) Panthera is a taxon at which level? A) order B) family C) phylum D) genus E) class Answer: D Topic: Concept 25.2 Skill: Knowledge 8) If organisms A, B, and C belong to the same class but to different orders and if organisms D, E, and F belong to the same order but to different families, which of the following pairs of organisms would be expected to show the greatest degree of structural homology? A) A and B B) A and C C) B and D D) C and F E) D and F Answer: E Topic: Concept 25.2 Skill: Comprehension 9) On the basis of their morphologies, how might Linnaeus have classified the Hawaiian silverswords? A) He would have placed them all in the same species.
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25_TestBank_TB - Biology 7e(Campbell Chapter 25 Phylogeny...

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