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L2 - HPS319 LECTURE 2 CHANGING MODELS OF THE BODY 1 This is...

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1 • HPS319 LECTURE 2 : CHANGING MODELS OF THE BODY
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2 This is a *reading*, *writing* and *thinking* intensive course Doing well in this course requires regularly attending the lectures and scheduled tutorials as well as keeping up with the readings. Students have to read the assigned readings BEFORE the relevant lecture and tutorial.
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3 Slides will be posted in pdf format AFTER THE CLASS
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4 There will be six mandatory tutorial sessions ( Tutorials will start on Week 3 : please check dates on syllabus). • Tuesdays from 3 to 4 pm- • Wednesdays from 2 to 3 pm • Thursdays from 9 to 10 Details of the venues will be posted soon
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5 ASSIGNMENTS - REVIEW (18 October) - MIDTERM EXAM (15 November) - ESSAY (6 December)
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6 Exam structure : No aids allowed! SECTION I Drawing on the course materials, choose X (out of X) of the following topics and explain briefly their relevance to the history of medicine : 1)… 2)… 3)… 4)…
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7 SECTION II Identify and contextualize one of the following texts : (2 paragraphs taken from the primary sources included in the readings) 1. …. 2. …
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8 SECTION III Drawing on the course materials, write an essay on one of the following themes : …..
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9 No extension without documentation!
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10 Leslie Poles Hartley: ʻ The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there ʼ , The Go-between (1953).
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11 BEWARE anachronism!
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12 Main themes - Changing models of the body - Medicine as care and cure - The changing identity of healers - Medicine and societies
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13 UNTIL NOT LONG AGO, HISTORIANS OF SCIENCE ENDORSED A VIEW OF THE HISTORY OF THE SCIENCES THAT IDENTIFIED THE 17 TH C AS AN HEROIC AGE CHARACTERIZED BY A SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION THAT GAVE RISE TO THE MODERN WORLD OF SCIENCE . THIS WAS CHARACTERIZED BY SERIES OF ‘GREAT MEN’, WHO ANTICIPATED OR PIONEERED THE GREAT PROGRESS OF HUMANITY, AND A SCIENTIFIC METHOD THAT CONSTISTED IN TESTING HYPOTHESES .
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14 IN THE LAST DECADES, HISTORIANS HAVE ADOPTED A MORE NUANCED AND QUALIFIED PERSPECTIVE ON THE SO CALLED ‘SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION’
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15 ‘There was no such thing as the Scientific Revolution , and this is a book about it’. (S. Shapin, The Scientific Revolution )
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16 THEY NOW TALK ABOUT A SET OF CULTURAL PRACTICES THAT AIMED AT UNDERSTANDING, CONTROLLING AND EXPERIENCING THE NATURAL WORLD IN A VARIETY OF WAYS
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17 THEY ARE ALSO MORE CAREFUL TO THE CONTINUITIES WITH THE PAST AS WELL AS TO THE POINTS OF NOVELTY ADVANCED IN THE COURSE OF THE 17 TH C.
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18 Rejection of Aristotelian qualities However, by and large, historians agree that a key feature of the new approach to nature , which was developed in this period was the increasing dismissal of the 4 Aristotelian qualities (hot, cold, wet and dry), which lay at the centre of the humoral model of the body
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19 In humoral medicine, health and disease were functions of harmony and disharmony between four bodily fluids or “humors” —blood , phlegm , yellow bile , and black bile .
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