L7 - Lecture 7: Medicine and the Colonial World Keywords...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 7: Medicine and the Colonial World Keywords Animalculism/Ovism Jacques Ren Tenon Hospital medicine Clinical Gaze The Modern Nurse Agenda : 1. The Management of Health in the Colonial Settlements 2. The Colonial World and the Exchange of Medical Knowledge 3. Medicine and Slavery 4. Medicine as a tool of empire and the emergence of tropical medicine. UNTIL RECENTLY MANY HISTORIANS SAW THE TRANSFER OF WESTERN MEDICINE INTO COLONIAL SETTINGS AS ONE OF THE BENEFICIAL CONSEQUENCES OF IMPERIALISM . PRESUPPOSITION OF THIS VIEW: IDEA OF A UNIVERSAL WESTERN MEDICINE THAT COULD SPREAD AROUND THE WORLD AND ACT AS THE GREATEST BENEFIT OF MANKIND HOWEVER, IN THE POST-COLONIAL ERA AND THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION, PEOPLE STARTED TO REALIZE THAT THIS WAS A VERY EURO-CENTRIC STORY AND WAS BIASED BY IMPERIAL IDEOLOGIES . FRANTZ FANON (1925-1961) regarded the role of Western medicine in colonial Algeria as part of the project of imperial repression According to Fanon, Introduced into Algeria at the same time as ram and humiliation, Western medical science , being part of the oppressive system, has provoked in the native an ambivalent attitude.... With medicine we come to one of the most tragic features of the colonial situation . ( A Dying Colonialism ,1965:121). - THANKS TO THINKERS LIKE FANON, THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN MEDICINE ON THE HEALTH OF COLONIES IS NOW LOOKED AT MORE CRITICALLY AND IT IS NO LONGER SEEN SIMPLY AS A GOOD THING. HISTORIANS HAVE STARTED TO LOOK AT MEDICINE AS A TOOL OF THE EMPIRE USED TO SUPPORT IMPERIAL EXPANSION AND RULE. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIAL BODIES OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE SUCH AS WHAT CAME TO BE KNOWN AS TROPICAL MEDICINE HAS ALSO BEEN SITUATED IN THIS CONTEXT. SO TO TALK ABOUT MEDICINE IN THE CONTEXT OF COLONIAL ENCOUNTERS MEANS TO EXPLORE A SETTING HEAVILY CHARGED WITH RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN POWER, OCCUPATION AND MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE IT ALSO PRESUPPOSES EXPLORING THE HISTORY OF THE EXCHANGE OF KNOWLEDGE AND, IN GENERAL, THE ENCOUNTER, BETWEEN INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS AND EUROPEANS. THE AGE OF ENCOUNTER BETWEEN EUROPEANS ANDTHE NEW WORLD STARTED AT THE END OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY Christopher Columbus 1st travel to the Americas After travelers such as Columbus reached the shores of the Americas in the late 15th C, European sovereigns (and to start with especially the Spanish crown) moved quickly to advance claims of ownership of the newly discovered territories. Conquistadors such Hernan Corts put into action these claims through recourse to violence. In many ways, the Europeans and encounter between native communities of the new world was marked by violence , disease and death- OVER A FEW YEARS, NATIVE POPULATIONS WERE DRAMATICALLY REDUCED DUE TO THE ACTIONS OF RELATIVELY SMALL GROUPS OF EUROPEAN CONQUISTADORS (conquerors). THE SPREADING OF ILLNESS SUCH AS SMALLPOX CARRIED BY THE CONQUISTADORS MADE IT EASIER FOR THE SPANIARDS TO DISMANTLE INDIGENOUS CULTURES . Smallpox...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course HPS 319 taught by Professor L.dacome during the Fall '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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L7 - Lecture 7: Medicine and the Colonial World Keywords...

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