L10 - Week 11 Medicine and Modern Societies Rebecca Skloot,...

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Unformatted text preview: Week 11 Medicine and Modern Societies Rebecca Skloot, The immortal life of Henrietta Lacks (2010) (Change in the readings for week 12: on the library catalogue see A look inside, read First chapter) To submit your essay to turnitin please use: Turnitin: 4451426 Password: Curiosities General and practical tips - Leave plenty of time to edit your essay Make sure you present your ideas in order and make it easy for your reader to follow the development of your argument. Always provide reasons in support of your claims . tips Divide your text into paragraphs in which you articulate one or two points at a time. (you can add section headings ). tips - Put yourself in the reader's shoes: explain , give examples, etc. - Read your draft aloud. Essays must be double-spaced, using 12 pt font . ( please remember the page number) Beware anachronism! Beware anachronism! Beware anachronism! (IMPORTANT: Avoid thinking in terms of present-day knowledge or the progress of science and AVOID sentences like: this medical theory was all wrong or this doctrine led to modern science) Approach history in its own terms Imagine you are like an anthropologist visiting a different culture: you have to try to understand how other people (past people) made sense of their experience on the basis of what they knew about the world. Pauline H. Mazumdar essay prize Today- A new world of surgery- The rise of Eugenics Surgery presents an interesting case in the history of medical pluralism UNTIL THE MID-18TH C SURGEONS FIELD OF ACTIVITY WAS RESTRICTED TO THE BODY SURFACE : THEY DEALT WITH THE CARE OF SKIN AS WELL AS WITH LESIONS AND INJURIES. (painted by David Teniers the Younger, 17th C) But in the course of the 19th C surgery was to become a prominent medical field and surgeons themselves were regarded as medical heroes . What was behind such changes? THE CHANGING ROLE OF SURGEONS RELATED TO CHANGING VIEWS OF THE BODY IN THE GALENIC TRADITION, THE BODY WAS REGARDED IN HOLISTIC TERMS , AND DISEASE WAS THE RESULT OF A DISRUPTION OF THE BALANCE OF HUMOURS. HEALTH COULD BE RESTORED BY CHANGING THE ENVIRONMENT OR LIFESTYLE, OR RESTORING THE HUMOURAL BALANCE BY MEANS OF VOMITING, PURGING AND BLOODLETTING.- TRADITIONALLY, THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF DISEASES HAD BEEN GUIDED BY SIGNS OF THE EXTERIOR BODY.- THE ROLE OF SURGERY WAS THEN LIMITED TO A SMALL RANGE OF OPERATIONS A surgeon treating a patient's foot and a barber shaving a man. IN 1597 GASPARE TAGLIACOZZI PUBLISHED THE TREATISE DE CURTORUM CHIRURGIA PER INSITIONEM WHERE HE DESCRIBED A SURGICAL METHOD THAT WAS AIMED AT RECONSTRUCTING NOSES, LIPS AND EARS. TAGLIACOZZIS METHOD INVOLVED TAKING FLAPS OF SKIN FROM THE ARM AND GRAFTING THEM INTO THE BODY PART TO RECONSTRUCT THE NOSE - WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF HOSPITAL AND LABORATORY MEDICINE THE BODY WAS DIVIDED UP INTO SMALLER UNITS....
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L10 - Week 11 Medicine and Modern Societies Rebecca Skloot,...

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