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Unformatted text preview: 1. Define and apply all terminology and word roots presented in the medical terminology units. Cardi/o: heart Cell/i, cellul/o: cell or compartment Cyt/o, -cyte: cell Ect/o, ex/o, extra-: without, outside End/o, ent/o: with, inner Enter/o: intestine Epi-: on, upon Gastr/o: stomach Hepat/o: liver Heter/o: other, different Hist/o, histi/o: tissue Hom/o, home/o: like, similar Inter-: between Intra-: within Macr/o: large Micr/o: small Ossi-, oste/o: bone Path/o, -pathy: disease Per/i: around, near Ren/o, ren/i: kidney-ac, -ar, -ary: pertaining to-al, -eal: pertaining to-ic, -tic, -ical: pertaining to, or having the property of-e: often means instrument-ia, -y: sometimes the name for a condition-itis: indicates the specific condition of inflammation-ium: location, often denotes a membrane-logy, -ology: science or study of-m, -um: name of an object or place-osis: condition or process, usually abnormal, sometimes indicates an increase-sis, -iasis, -esis: name for a state of being or a condition-stasis, -stasia: indicates a state of standing still, halting Cardiology: the science of the heart and its diseases Cellulitis: inflammation of cellular or connective tissue, especially loose subcutaneous tissue Endocarditis: inflammation of the lining membrane of the heart (the endocardium) Gastroenteritis: inflammation of the stomach and the intestines Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver Homeostasis: the state of maintaining stability in the chemical and physical properties of the internal environment Intercellular: situated between cells Intracellular: situated within a cell or cells Renal: pertaining to a kidney or the kidneys 2. What is meant by the structural organization of living things? Name and define each unit within the structural organization of living things (cells, tissues, etc). Give 4 examples of each. Which unit is more complex? Which is least complex? Atom Molecule Cell Tissue Organ Organ system Organism 3. Compare a systemic approach to studying anatomy to a regional approach. Systemic is studying the body by organ systems. This is used most often by beginners. Regional is studying the body by areas. This is more advanced. 4. Define homeostasis. Using words and arrows, draw and explain the basic pattern of homeostatic control (from stimulus to response). How is this pattern like a thermostat? Why is feedback important? What is negative feedback or feedback inhibition? What is positive feedback?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course PHI 101 taught by Professor Tranel during the Spring '08 term at STLCOP.
- Spring '08