Lec8_CognitiveDevTheories2 2121

Lec8_CognitiveDevTheories2 2121 - THEORIES OF COGNITIVE...

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THEORIES OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT II
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Four more theories/frameworks Information processing (Empiricism) Core knowledge (Nativism) Sociocultural Dynamic Systems
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Information processing: The brain as a computer Child as computer “Information processing” Limited by… hardware : memory capacity, efficiency of basic operations s oftware : strategies and knowledge Development = improvement in both, due to maturation (in hardware) and experience (in software) Emphasis on dissecting cognition: breaking down cognition/behavior into smallest units
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Dissecting cognition: breaking down cognition/behavior into smallest units Example: Piaget’s object permanence task What does the child have to do to succeed? (Not just for children) Link OP vid here
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Information processing: Central Developmental Issues Continuous change Gradual maturation (biological) and learning from experience Emphasis on how change occurs (“mechanism”)
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Example (of information processing account of development): Mechanisms of Memory Development Memory for facts and events improves over development. How? Example: spelling words ( coy, soil, enjoys, voice ) Three mechanisms: 1. Improvement in basic processes and processing speed 2. Improvement/learning of strategies 3. Acquisition of content knowledge
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1. Improvement in basic processes and processing speed Basic processes a) Associating events with each other b) Recognizing objects as familiar c) Generalizing from one instance to another d) Encoding specific features of objects and events Apply to all domains (domain-general) Processing speed i.e., Executing these more efficiently
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Measuring speed of processing Many ways to measure speed of processing. One is visual search task. (For spelling example…
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course PSY 0310 taught by Professor Strauss during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Lec8_CognitiveDevTheories2 2121 - THEORIES OF COGNITIVE...

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