Lec11_Infant Learning and Cog 2121

Lec11_Infant Learning and Cog 2121 -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–14. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
I.  Infant Learning Mechanisms II.  Infant Cognition and Conceptual  Development
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Infant Learning mechanisms n Section I
Background image of page 2
How do infants learn? q Classical and Operant Conditioning q Perceptual / Statistical learning q Habituation q Observational learning / Imitation
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Conditioning n Classical q Association between an initially neutral stimulus and one that elicits a reflexive response ( Pavlov’s dogs) n Babies do this quite early q Anticipation of feeding example n Fears may be learned this way q Watson/Albert example (p. 351)
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
Instrumental/Operant Conditioning n Learning an association between one’s own behavior and the consequences that result q Infant acts on the environment q Outcome changes the probability that behavior will occur again q Reinforcer : increases the occurrence q Punishment : decreases the occurrence n Examples q High Amplitude Sucking paradigm q Mobile experiments
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Rovee-Collier experiments n Mobile n 2- to 6-month olds
Background image of page 8
Statistical and Perceptual Learning n Perceptual Learning q Noticing regularities, patterns n Differentiation : finding invariant patterns n Sounds and sights that go together n Affordances: learning what you can do with various objects n Statistical Learning q Beyond invariances: Noticing more detailed contingencies n what things co-occur often, even if not all the time? q Includes attention to probabilistic details n What percentage of questions are “b”? n (We will see an example of this in language development.) n Both are unconscious / implicit
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Habituation n Habituation and dishabituation n Facilitates learning q Diminishes attention to what is old q allows infant to pay attention to what is new
Background image of page 10
Observational learning n Imitation q From 2 days? n By 6-9 months, not just facial expressions but verbalizations, body actions, and actions involving objects q (We will return to this soon when we talk about Theory of
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Infant cognition n Section II:
Background image of page 12
What do infants know? n
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 14
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course PSY 0310 taught by Professor Strauss during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

Page1 / 38

Lec11_Infant Learning and Cog 2121 -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 14. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online