Lec12_WordsSymbols2121(1)

Lec12_WordsSymbols2121(1) - Wordsandothersymbols...

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Words and other symbols
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Other symbols What is a symbol? Anything that someone intends to stand for  something other than itself Words, drawings, graphs, photographs, maps,  clocks, etc. May or may not be  arbitrary Arbitrary: no predictability between symbol and  referent (e.g.,  dog  or  chien  for DOG)
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Symbols Recall origins of symbolic play 18-24  mo (end of Piaget’s sensorimotor stage) Objects as symbols maps, drawings, symbolic/pretend play Such visual symbols have problem of  dual  representation
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The problem of dual representation A symbol is both an object and a  representation of another object Example: map DeLoache scale model task or “Little  room - Big room” task
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Little room-Big room  task Find troll doll in big (real) room  after it is hidden in scale model 3-year-olds but not 2-1/2 –year- olds succeed Shrinking room version 2-1/2 year-olds succeed Suggests dual representation is  problem, esp in such a difficult  problem-solving situation
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Development of Pretend play Play Activities pursued for their own sake Pretend play Children act as if they were in a different situation  from their actual one Using symbols; taking on roles Begins around 18-24 months Object substitution begins  e.g., Banana as telephone
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Lec12_WordsSymbols2121(1) - Wordsandothersymbols...

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