Lec13_LgDev 2121

Lec13_LgDev 2121 - Language Development Levels of language...

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Unformatted text preview: Language Development Levels of language n Phonology n Sound level n Semantics n Meaning level n Grammar (syntax) n Rules for combining words and smaller elements n (Pragmatics-- Rules for engaging in communication ) Preview: Three Topics n 1. Tuning n 2. Statistical learning n 3. Generativity of syntax Topic 1: Tuning n Learning the phonemes of one’s own native language n A phoneme is the smallest meaningful unit of sound n r~l n Distinctive in English, not Japanese n Alveolar (blade) (d) vs. retroflex (D) n Distinctive in Hindi, not English n Aspirated p, unaspirated p, b Testing what babies know n Non-nutritive sucking paradigm n ta ta ta ta ta….da, da, da n da, da, da, da…D a, Da, Da…. n Newborns detect all contrasts n “Tuning” to native language sounds (Werker) n Process of trimming back phonemes n between 6 and 12 months Topic 2: Statistical Learning n Problem of identifying words in continuous speech n Saffran, Aslin, & Newport (1996) n 8-month olds n familiarized with 2 minutes of continuous speech n 4 different 3-syllable nonsense “words”. n repeated 45 times each, in random order, for 2 minutes Saffran et al 1996...
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course PSY 0310 taught by Professor Strauss during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Lec13_LgDev 2121 - Language Development Levels of language...

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