BIOL1322-MidtermReview

BIOL1322-MidtermReview - BIOL 1322 General Nutrition...

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BIOL 1322 General Nutrition Midterm Review: Chp 1-7 July 6, 2011 150 Points (75 – 2 pt questions) YOU WILL NEED A SCANTRON!!!! - Be able to identify if a study is single-blind, double-bind, random, placebo controlled, controlled trial, etc. - Identify the elements that make up carbohydrates, proteins, fat (ie, carbon, hydrogen, etc) - Know how many calories per gram each macronutrient provides. - Be able to calculate total calories and % of calories from fat/protein/carbs when given the grams of each macronurient. See end of review for practice examples. - Identify the three types of lipids. - Identify the most common functions of each macronutrient (ie, carbohydrates primary fuel source for the ______, fats aid in absorption of ____ soluble vitamins, proteins aid in the synthesis of new tissue, etc) - Inorganic/organic nutrients - Micro/macronutrients - Two types of vitamins; what happens to excess; examples of each - Two types of minerals; examples of each - AMDRs and Dietary Guidelines for carbs, protein and fat - 4 DRIs - Primary and secondary deficiencies - Understand discrectionary calories; what foods fall in this category; typical recommendation - Sample servings of grains in the MyPyramid (just the grains category: breads, pastas, rice and oatmeal) - Nutrient dense vs calorie dense; identify among a group of foods which is most nutrient dense - Identify what the parts required on a food label (ingredient list, vendor info, types of fat, specific vitamins/minerals, etc) - Identify food claims (ie, what determines if a manufacturer can use the terms “reduced fat”, “low sodium”, etc. - Understand adequacy, moderation, variety and balance - Understand celiac disease, GERD, IBS, ulcerative colitis, Crohns, peptic ulcer, etc and be able to distinguish between and among - Identify where bile is formed, stored and its function - Identify where bicarbonate is formed and released and its function - Identify the major organs/sphincters/accessory organs in digestion - Identify basic enzymes used in digestion (where they are released and their action site) see table in book - Identify the 4 typse of absorption
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- Identify where the majority of absorption occurs for each nutrient (including water) - Identify the hormones responsible for blood glucose regulation; where they are released from; if they increase or decrease blood sugar; which are catabolic/anabolic - Identify cholecystokinin’s (CCK) effect on bile - Identify the 3 sections of the small intestine (in order)
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course BIOL 1322 taught by Professor Aliciabrown during the Summer '11 term at Collins.

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BIOL1322-MidtermReview - BIOL 1322 General Nutrition...

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