criminology ch 6 - behaviors that were previously only...

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Chapter 6 1. The concept of social learning theories deals with the factors that go into the development, or non-development of a criminal. It is more likely that an individual will commit a crime if he or she believes that there is some sort of benefit or reward for their actions. In addition to this, criminals are often guilty through association. If a family member they are living with commits crimes, then they too are more likely to commit a crime. Finally, the more a person is exposed to crime, the more likely someone is to commit a crime. 2. Aker’s social learning theory draws out Sutherland’s definition on crime, while still showing how definitions on crime come to exist. Aker was able to adapt the rapid advances in psychological learning principles and pair these up with the theory of differential association. Through the social learning theory, professionals now also learn
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Unformatted text preview: behaviors that were previously only perceived by the law. 3. Individuals acquire definitions favorable and unfavorable to crime and deviance through the actions of our society. As the media becomes increasingly widespread and prominent, all legal cases and other police matters can be easily found through the click of a remote or a cursor. Along with that are the various shows that show people committing crimes or show the victims of crimes, which are never solved. Children and teens are becoming a lot more exposed to different perceptions of crime through television. Lastly is their direct experience with police officers and other official members of police forces. Seeing, hearing, and experiencing police corruption and leniency with the legal system creates many contradictory perceptions favorable and unfavorable to crime and deviance....
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