Roman and Byzantine Empires
The Roman Empire, as well as Byzantium, were two great historical locations during the
period between 30 BCE and 1300 CE.
They were both very influential societies in their time
period for various reasons.
These influential ways varied from political, economic, religious
cultures, and experiences.
Religion was big for both Roman Empires and Byzantium, but they
were quite different.
They were both influential in their own ways.
The Roman Empire was
polytheistic and worshipped many gods, but they also witnessed great changes and the
development of Christianity.
In Byzantium, they were very much monotheistic and Christian.
Both civilizations were very religious, just in different manners and had different belief systems.
The Roman Empire was built around diversity and polytheism, while Byzantium was
built around unity and monotheism.
In the Roman Empire, the religious organization was built
around many gods, such as Zeus, Dionysus, Isis, etc.
They were very much polytheistic in the
beginning, but eventually began to become monotheistic with Judaism and Christianity.
they were polytheistic, they went to the Pantheon, which were their temples and dome to worship
at or in.
Also, as polytheistic, each city within the empire had different gods they would worship
and organizations they would worship at.
For example, one religion, Mithras, believed they
would have life after death if they followed his ways.
One way of worship that was limited to
1 Brian Levack, Edward Muir, and Michael Maas,
Encounters and Transformations, Vol.1, to
1715 (New York: Pearson/Longman,2011), 193.
2 Lecture, Week 7