Final Exam slash Research Paper - Copy

Final Exam slash Research Paper - Copy - Running Head:...

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Running Head: CLONING FOR THE PURPOSE OF HUMAN REPLICATION Support for Cloning for the Purpose of Human Replication University of South Carolina CLONING FOR THE PURPOSE OF HUMAN REPLICATION Support for Cloning for the Purpose of Human Replication Growing up, there is one thing almost every child in America hears, “You are special.” We are raised in a society that emphasizes and places importance on individuality, not that that is a bad thing. In the technological age that we thrive in, the possibility of the genesis of living beings from “unnatural” means is becoming more and more prevalent each day. With the birth of the first cloned sheep Dolly, a new wave of research and scientific theory came into being on the morality and necessity of cloning. The realm of cloning has come to encompass countless interpretations of the concept and the actual process. There is therapeutic cloning and cloning by nuclear substitution Dolly was conceived in 1996 from nuclear substitution (Anderson and
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Seidel, 1998). Cloning as it relates to humans has been the source of controversy in the medical, scientific, and even political world lately. The creation of human beings from such methods of in-vitro fertilization to birth by a surrogate mother have to an extent passes the societal mores of acceptance. Cloning, for the purpose of creating a living human being, should not be dismissed on the basis of moral grounds or to claims that it is unethical in that these terms are arbitrarily defined and the benefits of cloning may outweigh the negative outcomes. First, cloning has been fought against on the basis that it goes against basic human rights. Nuclear substitution, the means by which Dolly was created, involves taking the nucleus from the cell of one individual and placing it in the place of a nucleus from an egg cell whose nucleus was extracted (Harris, 1997). Governments around the world have taken positions banning or outlawing cloning with intent to replicate human beings on the grounds that humans have the right to their own genetic material. For example, Harris (1997) notes that the European Parliament explains: CLONING FOR THE PURPOSE OF HUMAN REPLICATION ‘[T]he cloning of human beings . . . , cannot under any circumstances be justified or tolerated by any society, because it is a serious violation of fundamental human rights and is contrary to the principle of equality of human beings as it permits a eugenic and racist selection of the human race, it offends against human dignity and it requires experimentation on humans. . . each individual has a right to his or her own genetic identity and that human cloning is, and must continue to be prohibited’ (p.354) The “human rights” that are aforementioned are neither well explained nor defined, nor is their relevance to the subject of human cloning stated. It is used as a means to explain an argument for
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which there is no explanation. Furthermore, how is the replication of humans any more “racist”
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2012 for the course ENGL 102 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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Final Exam slash Research Paper - Copy - Running Head:...

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