Biol 113 AU2011 Study Guide for Lectures 1-5 Biao Ding For each topic, keep these questions in mind when studying them: Whatis it? Howis it structured? Howdoes it work? Whyis it important? Wherecan it be found? Howare all topics related? Lectures 1 & 2 Introduction and Chemical Context of Life 1. Levels of biological organization – atoms, macromolecules, organelles, cells, organism, population 2. What is “emergent properties?” 3. Structure of an atom – neutron, proton, electron; which of these subatomic particles are not involved in chemical reactions? 4. Energy levels or electron shells; valence shells; valence electrons – why are they important? 5. Chemical bonds (covalent, ionic, hydrogen, van der Waals interactions) - How are they formed and how are they important? 6. Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds – what are they and why are they important? 7. Why is water is a universal solvent of life? What makes a molecule hydrophilic or hydrophobic?
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.