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Jeter_AA_4e_SolutionsManual_Ch15 - CHAPTER 15 ANSWERS TO...

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CHAPTER 15 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. A partnership is not subject to an income tax, but the individual partners report their share of partnership income, whether distributed or not, on their respective individual tax returns. 2. A partner's capital balance represents his or her interest in the net assets of the partnership, whereas a partner's interest in income and loss represents how his or her interest in capital will be affected by the subsequent operations of the partnership. Generally, a partner's capital account is used to recognize asset investments and withdrawals which are not considered temporary. The partner's drawing account is generally used to record withdrawals of assets in anticipation of profitable operations of the partnership or any payments of a partner's personal expenses from partnership assets. 3. A partnership is viewed as a "separate economic entity" in accounting because it has a "separable and definable existence". The assets, liabilities, and residual capital interest, as well as the economic events which affect the various partnership accounts, require a "separable accounting" to provide necessary information to the partners and to others interested in the partnership's performance. 4. Some common methods used in allocating income and loss to partners are: fixed ratio, a ratio based on capital balances, interest on capital, and payment for time devoted to partnership operations, salary and/or bonus. 5. A withdrawal is a reduction in assets, not a distribution of income. A salary is a determinate in the allocation of income and is a reward to the partner for the amount of time devoted to the partnership's operations. 6. A bonus may be calculated in several ways. Some of these are: (1) net income before any income allocations are made; (2) net income after income allocations are made, but before subtracting the bonus; (3) net income after subtracting the bonus, but before any other income allocations are made; and (4) net income after all income allocations are made, including the bonus. 7. The UPA defines "dissolution" as a "change in the relation of the partners caused by any partner ceasing to be associated in the carrying on as distinguished from the winding up of the business." 8. The two methods used to record changes in partnership membership are (1) the bonus method and (2) the goodwill method. Under the bonus method, assets of the partnership are increased by the amount of the assets invested by the new partner or decreased by the amount of the assets paid to a withdrawing partner. The new (withdrawing) partner's capital account is debited (credited) for the capital interest acquired (the balance in the capital account). Any balancing amount is adjusted to the other partners' capital accounts. Under the goodwill method, an intangible asset is recorded based on the difference between the value implied by the amount of consideration exchanged in the admission or withdrawal of a partner and the capital interest of the new or withdrawing partner.
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