Chapter 15 Organizational Design and Structure teacher resources nqimch14

Chapter 15 Organizational Design and Structure teacher resources nqimch14

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14 ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN AND STRUCTURE CHAPTER SCAN Organizations are structured initially around tasks. As the organization develops, the structure of the organization can take on many characteristics. Mintzberg illustrated the basic structures as simple structure, machine bureaucracy, professional bureaucracy, divisionalized form, and adhocracy. There is a relationship between size and structure that affects the centralization of the organization. Technology affects organizational structures and affects whether they are categorized as mechanistic or organic. LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following: 1. Define differentiation and integration as organizational design processes 2. Discuss six basic design dimensions of an organization. 3. Briefly describe five structural configurations for organizations. 4. Describe four contextual variables for an organization. 5. Explain the four forces reshaping organizations. 6. Discuss emerging organizational structures. 7. Identify two cautions about the effect of organizational structures on people. 243
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Chapter 14: Organizational Design and Structure KEY TERMS The following key terms are introduced in Chapter 14. organizational design organizational structure contextual variable differentiation integration formalization centralization specialization standardization complexity hierarchy of authority simple structure machine bureaucracy professional bureaucracy divisionalized form adhocracy technological interdependence environment task environment environmental uncertainty organizational life cycle THE CHAPTER SUMMARIZED I. THINKING AHEAD: Organizing for Emergencies, Crises, and Disaster Relief Organizational design is the process of constructing and adjusting an organization's structure to achieve its goals. Organizational structure is the linking of departments and jobs within an organization. The contextual variables that influence organizational design are size, technology, environment, and strategy and goals. II. KEY ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN PROCESSES 244
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Chapter 14: Organizational Design and Structure A. Differentiation Differentiation is the process of deciding how to divide the work in an organization. Differentiation is a check to ensure that all aspects of the tasks are assigned and will be accomplished. One of the earlier studies found four dimensions (1) manager's goal orientation, (2) time orientation, (3) interpersonal orientation, and (4) formality of structure. B. Integration Integration is the process of coordinating the different parts of an organization. III. BASIC DESIGN DIMENSIONS The basic design dimensions are broad, and include the following: Formalization is the degree to which the organization has official rules, regulations, and procedures. An organization may have a formal structure, but may operate informally. Centralization is the degree to which decisions are made at the top of the organization. The quality movement and programs that stress delegating responsibility and decision making to lower
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Chapter 15 Organizational Design and Structure teacher resources nqimch14

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