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Unformatted text preview: 1 CHAPTER ONE ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR IN CHANGING TIMES LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following: 1. Define organizational behavior. 2. Identify six interdisciplinary contributions to the study of organizational behavior. 3. Identify the important system components of an organization. 4. Describe the formal and informal elements of an organization. 5. Understand the diversity of organizations in the economy, as exemplified by the six focus organizations. 6. Recognize the challenge of change for organizational behavior. 7. Demonstrate the value of objective knowledge and skill development in the study of organizational behavior. CHAPTER OUTLINE Chapter 1 contains four major sections. The four sections are Human Behavior in Organizations, The Organizational Context, The Challenge of Change, and Learning About Organizational Behavior. Section One: Human Behavior in Organizations Section one contains information that supports Learning Objectives 1 and 2. Objective 1 focuses on the definition of the term organizational behavior , while the focus of Objective 2 is on identifying six interdisciplinary contributions to the study of organizational behavior. Section one begins with a definition of organizational behavior. As defined in the book, organizational behavior is the study of individual behavior and group dynamics in organizational settings. Section one also includes some discussion regarding the theories and models of human behavior. One category has an internal perspective, and the other has an external perspective. The internal perspective considers factors inside the person to understand behavior. The external perspective focuses on factors outside the person to understand behavior. In addition, section one includes information regarding six interdisciplinary contributions to the study of organizational behavior. (1) Psychology refers to the science of human behavior. (2) Sociology refers to the science of society. (3) Engineering refers to the applied science of energy and matter. (4) Anthropology refers to the science of the learned behavior of human beings. (5) Management refers to the study of overseeing activities and supervising people in organizations. (6) Medicine refers to the science of healing or treatment of diseases to enhance an individuals health and well-being. Section Two: The Organizational Context Section two contains information that supports Learning Objectives 3, 4, and 5. Objective 3 focuses on identifying the important system components of an organization. The focus of Objective 4 is on 1-1 describing the formal and informal elements of an organization, while the focus of Objective 5 is on understanding the diversity of organizations in the economy, as exemplified by six focus organizations....
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- Fall '10