tb05 - CHAPTER 5 MOTIVATION AT WORK MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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CHAPTER 5 MOTIVATION AT WORK MULTIPLE CHOICE MOTIVATION AND WORK BEHAVIOR 1. The process of arousing and sustaining goal-directed behavior is called: A. energizing B. goal setting C. motivation D. expectancy theory 2. Which of the following statements is most accurate regarding the current state of motivation theories? A. The reinforcement approach to motivation has been found to be superior to other motivational models. B. Freud's psychodynamic theory of motivation has generally been supported with the strongest empirical evidence. C. There are several approaches to motivation, and one or another may be useful in specific organizational contexts, with specific individuals or groups, at different times. D. The motivational models that make strong economic assumptions regarding human motivation have received the most universal acceptance. Internal Needs 3. The proposition that a person's life was founded on the compulsion to work and the power of love is known as: A. the Protestant ethic B. psychodynamic theory C. motivation D. the Calvinistic perspective 4. According to the Protestant ethic, a person should work hard because hard work and prosperity would lead to a place in heaven. The organizational scholar who advanced the Protestant Ethic notion was: A. John Calvin B. Sigmund Freud C. Adam Smith D. Max Weber 53
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54 Chapter 5 External Incentives 5. Frederick Taylor's scientific management advanced the idea that: A. unfulfilled needs acted as motivation B. the relationship of management and labor should be one of cooperation rather than conflict C. money was not a motivator D. self-interest and economic gain are motivators for the owners of production and not the employees of owners 6. The basic motivational assumption within Taylor's scientific management is the same as within Adam Smith's political economic notions which is: A. both intrinsic and extrinsic factors influence motivation B. ungratified needs motivate behavior C. individuals are largely motivated by power, affiliation, and achievement D. people are motivated by self-interest and economic gain 7. Adam Smith formulated the "invisible hand" and the free market to explain the motivation for individual behavior. The "invisible hand" refers to: A. psychological determinants of behavior B. unconscious motives C. internal needs D. unseen forces of a free market system MASLOW'S NEED HIERARCHY 8. Maslow's hierarchy of needs model emphasizes _________ needs and __________ needs in addition to physical needs and economic necessity. A.
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course BME 214614 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at SUNY Empire State.

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tb05 - CHAPTER 5 MOTIVATION AT WORK MULTIPLE CHOICE...

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