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CHAPTER 11 LEADERSHIP AND FOLLOWERSHIP MULTIPLE CHOICE LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT 1. According to John Kotter, leadership (in contrast to management) entails: A. planning and budgeting B. organizing and staffing C. problem solving D. setting a direction for the organization 2. Which of the following is NOT one of the leadership theory categorization factors? A. traits B. attitudes C. behavior D. contingency 3. Kotter suggests that leadership and management: A. consist of very similar activities B. involve the alignment of people to the overall direction of the organization through communication C. involve the management of major change efforts within the organization D. are two distinct, yet complementary systems of action in organizations 4. According to Zaleznik's thinking on leaders as distinct personalities, leaders and managers differ along four different dimensions of personality. Which of the following is NOT one of those dimensions? A. attitudes toward goals B. relationships with others C. sense of self D. internal versus external orientation 5. Zaleznik's distinction between leaders and managers having contrasting personalities is similar to the distinction made between: A. male and female leaders B. charismatic and transformational leaders C. transformational and transactional leaders D. Delorean at General Motors and Cisneros as mayor of San Antonio ANSWER C, medium, analysis, pg. 257 136
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137 Chapter 11 EARLY TRAIT THEORIES 6. Trait leader theories focus on all the following EXCEPT: A. intelligence B. personality characteristics C. physical attributes D. situational characteristics 7. Which of the following statements best reflects the support for trait theories to identify universal distinguishing attributes of leaders? A. Trait studies have identified physical attributes as being more important to leadership than personality or leader abilities such as intelligence. B. When looking at physical attributes, height has been the indicator a leader attribute with universal generalizability. C. Findings on traits as a basis for explaining leader effectiveness are neither strong nor uniform. D. Trait theory studies have tended to conclude that there are strong implications for training and development rather then selection. 8. Trait theories of leadership attempt to: A. fit traits to various situations B. emphasize the situation in classifying approaches to leadership C. suggest leaders are born and not made D. focus on leaders’ physical attributes, personality, and abilities BEHAVIORAL THEORIES 9. A major difference between trait and behavioral theories of leadership is: A. trait theories, unlike behavioral theories, emphasize the leader as opposed to the situation B. trait theories help organizations train and develop leaders rather than select them
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