PGS Final Review

PGS Final Review - PGS Final Review 18:49 Psychological...

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Unformatted text preview: PGS Final Review 18:49 Psychological Disorders & Treatment Thomas Szasz Believes you cant claim any abnormal behavior is a psychological disorder Prior models & medical model Prior: superstitions and religion Medical: mental illness Diagnosis vs. prognosis Diagnosis: distinguishing one illness from another Prognosis: a forecast about the probability of an illness Diagnosis Criteria 1) the behavior is out of the norm 2) it interferes with functioning 3) it causes physical danger to anyone and/or gives the patient distress deviant, dysfunctional, demand/danger DSM IV & axis Diagnostic statistics manual: the book used to look deeper into a disorder after someone shows traits of one on the MMPI or other tests Anxiety Disorders- excessive apprehension: Generalized anxiety disorders You have anxiety all the time and its not just tied to a certain events, person, or situation Phobic disorder Irrational fears tied to a specific object or situation that present to realistic danger (ex. Spiders, heights, pubic speaking) Panic disorder recurrent attacks that appear out of nowhere and arent caused by specific events Agoraphobia fear of going out into public or open spaces Obsessive-Compulsive disorder Persistent obtrusive thoughts and a need to complete unnecessary rituals (ex. Washing hands) Post-traumatic stress disorder After a major traumatic event, you cant get over it even enough to mainstream into society (ex. Rape victims, war vets) Etiology of anxiety disorders Genetics- concordance rates in identical twins much higher Neurochemicals- decreased GABA and serotonin activity Classical and operant conditioning: Classical: something than can cause negative association Operant: can maintain in (ex. Youre afraid to fly so you feel like by not flying you are rewarding yourself) Cognitive- we know the link but not the cause Personality- neuroticism and stress are both personality traits that link Stress- if you have the ability for the disorder stress can trigger it Somatoform disorders- physical ailment with no organic basis: Somatization disorder Many symptoms with no physical basis (usually several diverse symptoms) Conversion disorder loss of function in a single organ with no medical basis (ex. Paralysis of arm or limb) sometimes talking can cure it you cant fake this Hypochondias Excessive preoccupation with becoming seriously ill Etiology of somatoform disorders: Personality- drama/neuroticism Cognitive- excessive attention to changes of the body and pain tolerance (pain sensors are activated differently in each person) Tend to draw catastrophic conclusions about minor bodily complaints Sick role: the attention you get from being sick can really be rewarding Dissociative disorders- memory dissociations:...
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PGS 101 taught by Professor Blan during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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PGS Final Review - PGS Final Review 18:49 Psychological...

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