Comm 2 Study Guide

Comm 2 Study Guide - Chapter5:VerbalCommunication 21:54

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Chapter 5: Verbal Communication 21:54 Define the key terms. (IRIHIPI) Instrumental - use of language to obtain what you need or desire. Regulatory - use of language to control or regulate the behaviors of others Informative - use of language to communicate information or report facts. Heuristic - use of language to acquire knowledge and understanding Interactional - use of language to establish and define social relationships Personal language - use of language to express individuality and personality Imaginative - use of language to express oneself artistically or creatively Phonology - the study of the sounds that compose individual languages and how those  sounds communicate meaning Syntax - the rules that govern word order Semantics - the study of meaning Denotative meaning - the dictionary, or literal, meaning of a word Connotative meaning - the affective or interpretive meanings attached to a word Pragmatics - field of study that emphasizes how language is used in specific situations  to accomplish goals Speech Act Theory - branch of pragmatics that suggests that when people  communicate, they do not just say things, they also do things with their words Dialect - a variation of a language distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and  pronunciation Lexical choice - vocabulary Cohort effect - the influence of shared characteristics of a group that was born and  reared in the same general period Ebonics - a version of English that has its roots in West African, Caribbean, and U.S.  slave languages Jargon - the specialized terms that develop in many professions
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Nominalists - those who agree that any idea can be expressed in any language and that  the structure and vocabulary of the language do not influence the speaker’s perception  of the world. Relativists - those who argue that language serves not only as a way for us to voice our  ideas but is itself the shaper of ideas, the guide for the individual’s mental activity Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - idea that the language people speak determines the way they  see the world (a relativist perspective) Cocultural theory - explores the role of power in daily interactions Disconfirming communication - comments that reject or invalidate a positive or negative  self-image of our conversational partners Confirming communication - comments that validate positive self-images of others Sensing - the state of listening more people refer to as hearing, when listeners pick up  the sound waves directed toward them Understanding - interpreting the messages associated with sounds or what the sounds  mean Evaluating - assessing your reaction to a message Responding - showing others how you regard their message
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course COM 100 taught by Professor Nakayama during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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Comm 2 Study Guide - Chapter5:VerbalCommunication 21:54

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