Sociology 2

Sociology 2 - Chapter 5: Stratification & Global...

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1. What is social stratification? 6a2 A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a social hierarchy 2. The four major dimensions of stratification 6a2 It is a trait of society It persist over generations It is universal It involves inequality in belief system 3. Caste: birth determines social position in occupations, marriage within social class, restricted social life, and belief systems 6a3 Class: based on individual achievement; Upper class, middle, working, lower 6a7-11 4. Meritocracy 6a5 In class system, you get what you deserve 5. Karl Marx’s theory on stratification page 128 Viewed class differentiation as the crucial determinant of social, economic, and political inequality. Exploitation of the proletariat will lead to the destruction of the capitalist system because the works will revolt. 6. The basics of the different classes 6a7-11 7. Social mobility (up, down, horizontal) 7a1 Upward: climbing up from a lower class Downward: Fall down from a higher social class Horizontal: remain in the same class, while moving between jobs 8. Intergenerational and intragenerational mobility 7a1 Intergenerational: movement that takes place across generations within a family Intragenerational: movement that takes place within one persons lifetime 9. The truth about mobility 7a2 Long term trend has been upward Mobility among men has been high Intragenerational is incremental Short term trend has been stagnation with some income polarization 10. Open vs. closed stratification systems 6a5, Page 145 Open: class system Closed: caste system, slavery, and estate
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11. What is SES? Page 137 Socioeconomic status: a measure of social class that is based on income, education, and occupation 12. The extent of poverty 7a 4 13. The feminization of poverty 7a 6, Page 141 Pink collar jobs Lower paying jobs Teenage pregnancy Divorce and single parent 14. Globalization 7a8 World-wide adoption of certain shared values, including democracy, economic systems, and liberal social and cultural systems Ideas, information, people, money and products pass freely across border 15. Global stratification 7a9 First world (industrialized) Second world (communist) Third world (all other countries) 16. Industrialization 7a10 social change and economic development are closely related with technological innovation, particularly with the development of large-scale energy and metallurgy production 17. Potential implications for economic globalization 7a12 Countries must concentrate on their areas of comparative advantages and their
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Sociology 2 - Chapter 5: Stratification & Global...

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