Sociology Test 1 Study Guides

Sociology Test 1 Study Guides - Chapter 1- The Study of...

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Chapter 1- The Study of Sociology 1. The differences between Psychology and Sociology Sociology is the scientific study of social behavior and human groups. Psychology is the study of people, their minds and their behaviors. 2. Macro vs. Micro sociology Macro is the study of social structures and institutions. Moreover, the position within social structures (status, roles, institutions) that determine human behavior. Micro is the study of social interaction. Moreover that human behavior is bases on individuals’ interpretation of a situation and the meaning they give it. 3. The sociological perspective 1a 5 General Social Patterns in the behavior of particular individuals The study of social phenomena by sociologists at different levels and from different perspectives. (Symbolic interaction, functionalism, and conflict theory.) 4. Advantages of the sociological perspective 1a 4 Sociology and social marginality Allows us to notice diversity in America Sociology draws attention to social crisis They allow us to see the connection between micro and macro social elements 5. The sociological imagination 1a 7 An awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society. It is based on an ability to view society as an outsider might, rather than from the perspective of an insider. 6. Theories and paradigms 1a 9 theory: a statement of how and why facts are related Paradigm: a set of fundamental assumptions that guides thinking 7. An overview of structural – functional theory 1a 11 Views society as a complex system with many interdependent parts The parts work together to promote social stability and order Major changes to the system’s parts is not requires or desired; system seeks to maintain its equilibrium Social structure: refers to relatively stable patterns of social behavior found in social institutions Social function; refers to the consequences of social patterns for society; all of our interaction create a reaction in ourselves and others 8. What are manifests and latent functions Page 15 Manifest functions are open, stated, conscious functions that involve the intended, recognized consequences of an aspect of society, such as the university’s role in certifying academic competence and excellence.
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Latent functions are unconscious or unintended function that may reflect hidden purposed of an institution. One latent function of universities is to serve as a meeting ground for people seeking marital partners. 9. Anomie 1a 11 Increased sense of normlessness, increase of deviance, norms start to fall apart When social structures work together, anomie goes away 10. Be able to understand and define the conflict theory 1a 12 Views society as a structured system based on inequality Social conflict between groups over scare resources is the norm Power vs. no power Society is structures in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority Factors such as race, sex, class, and age are linked to social inequality Dominant group vs. minority group relations
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Sociology Test 1 Study Guides - Chapter 1- The Study of...

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