Ancient Greece - Ancient Greece and the Formation of the...

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Ancient Greece and the Formation of the Western Mind Who were the Greeks? What language did they speak?
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Ancient Greece What is the origin of the peoples who called themselves Hellenes ? The language they spoke belongs to the Indo- European family (which includes Germanic, Celtic, Italic, and Sanskrit language groups) The Greeks of historic times were a blend of the native tribes and the Indo-European invaders , en route from the European landmass.
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Ancient Greece
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What is the history of the Greeks?
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History of the Greeks 2200-1450 B.C. Minoan civilization flourishes on Crete (after the mythical king Minos) The citadel of Mycenae and the palace of Pylos show that mainland Greece, in that same period, had centers of wealth and power The language of these Mycenaeans was an early form of Greek It must have been the memory of these rich kingdoms that inspired Homer’s vision of ‘Mycenae rich in gold’ It was a blurred memory: some time in the last century of the millennium the great palaces were destroyed by fire. With them disappeared their system of writing. Dark Age of Greece : for the next few hundred years the Greeks were illiterate; no written evidence survives
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Crete
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citadel of Mycenae
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Palace of Pylos
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What is the legacy of the Greeks?
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The legacy of the Greeks The Dark Ages produced a body of oral epic poetry that was the raw material Homer shaped into the two great poems, the Iliad and Odyssey The Homeric poems date from the 8 th century B.C. in which the Greeks learned how to write again What role did these poems play in the development of Greek civilization? The same role as the Torah had played in Palestine: basis of an education and a whole culture The great characters of the epic served as models of conduct for later generations of Greeks The figures of the Olympian gods retained in the poems and sculpture of succeeding centuries the shapes and attributes set down by Homer
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Odyssey
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Olympian Gods
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What are the differences between the Greek and Hebrew conceptions of the universe?
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Greek vs Hebrew The difference between the Greek and the Hebrew hero (Achilles and Joseph) is remarkable The difference between ‘ the God of Abraham and of Isaac’ and the Olympians who interfere in the lives of the mortals is an unbridgeable chasm The two conceptions of the powers that govern the universe are
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Ancient Greece - Ancient Greece and the Formation of the...

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