ESPM 50 - Models of incorporation into American society Definitions Assimilation : incorporation into the mainstream American social, economic and political institutions and civic life. As the term is used in this class, it does not necessarily refer to cultural incorporation. Acculturation : cultural incorporation through adoption of dominant American cultural values and forms (including language). 1) Separatist models : These date back to European settlement in North America and continue to have many implications in the present. a. Involuntary : Identity group segregation in which members of a group are forced into physical, social and cultural separation from mainstream society. This model has been invoked to justify slavery and Jim Crow laws, as well as Indian removal to reservations. b. Voluntary : Identity group segregation in which embers of a cultural group choose separation from mainstream society and the dominant culture. Proponents value separate group identity, and reject assimilation and acculturation.
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