Gen Psych Lect 19

Gen Psych Lect 19 - Social Psychology (cont' d) The Social...

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So c i a l Ps y c ho l o g y ( c on t ' d ) T h e So c i a l Ps y c ho l o g y V i e w ( c on t ' d ) A tt r i bu t i o n T h e o r y ( c on t ' d ) A tt r i bu t i o n Err o r Most people use the first kind of theory (dispositional theory) when explaining behavior of other people; i.e., waitress's smile, gas attendant's scowl, are attributed to their permanent personality, i.e., d i sp o s i t i o n a l f a c t o r s . People rarely use situational theories. Attribution Error: tendency to favor dispositional theories rather than situational theories. Damaging Effects of Attribution Error By making attribution error, people can force the other person to become something that they were not originally. Particularly damaging to children. Grade-school teachers frequently decide very early in school year, who is smart and who is not. This, in turn, has effect on child's self -perception. Children who are viewed favorably by teachers do well.
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Gen Psych Lect 19 - Social Psychology (cont' d) The Social...

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