Gen Psych Lect 20

Gen Psych Lect 20 - screen. One of the two people...

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So c i a l P s y c ho l o g y ( c on t ' d ) T h e So c i a l Ps y c ho l o g y V i e w ( c on t ' d ) C on f o r m i t y a n d O b e d i e n c e Conformity and Obedience = major factor in society So l o m o n A s c h E x p e r i m e n t One real subject: He thought he was taking part in a perception experiment. Sits at large table with other people (actors), which he believes are real subjects like him. Shown card with single line . Shown another card, with three lines of different sizes . He is asked which line on second card is same size as line on first card. He is always asked after several other "subjects" at the table. The other subjects (actors) were instructed (beforehand) to give the same obviously wrong answer . Results showed: Real subjects gave answers that conformed with the group . M il g r a m E x p e r i m e n t s: S t a n l e y M il g r a m ( 1964 ) Single most important experiment that has ever been conducted in psychology.
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Gen Ps ych Page 1
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Table divided by a screen with a box in the middle and a person on either side of the table. Both individuals could not see each other through the
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Unformatted text preview: screen. One of the two people participating is the real subject . The other person is called the learner . Unknown to the subject, the learner is an actor. Via the box, the subject can administer "electric shocks" to the learner. The subject is instructed by the experimenter to administer these shocks, if the learner gets answers wrong to questions . Also, the subject is instructed to increase the voltage, as the learner gets more and more answers are wrong. As shocks increased in strength, the learner would start to scream in pain. Voltage levels reached 450 volts which we know kills people. Yet, 34 out of 40 subjects continued obeying the instructions of the experimenter. When questioned: Subjects described themselves as decent and moral . Milgram (paperback) 1974: "Obedience to Authority" Gen Ps ych Page 2...
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This note was uploaded on 01/07/2012 for the course 830 101 taught by Professor Brill during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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Gen Psych Lect 20 - screen. One of the two people...

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