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Unformatted text preview: TRANSFERENCE Freud discovered- after years of therapy, patient confused therapist w/ their parents (caretakers) o Remarkable phenomenon- happens to everyone o After 3 of 4 years- Patient experiences being a small child in relation to therapist With extreme and difficult feelings Phase called- TRANSFERENCE NEUROSIS Most valuable phase- soon leads to cure ALL PSYCHOANALYSIS IS ABOUT TRANSFERENCE In Transference patient re-lives childhood- like virtual reality o However patient begins to group up again with parent (therapist) Result- patients mind forms w/o splitting, traumas, etc PSYCHOTHERAPY- SEVERAL KINDS (1) Behavioral Modification o (Patient addicted to smoking to remove behavior) Based on conditioning (2) Cognitive Therapy o Changing your perspective & belief (3) Psychiatry o Drugs (4) Psychoanalysis o Transference FINAL WORDS ABOUT FREUD Generally recognized as Great Genius of all time o Equivalent to Shakespeare, Newton, Einstein, etc HIS GREATE DISCOVER o (1) Nature of Psychological Health & Ill-Health Mechanism of ill health- repression, defenses against too muchness o (2) Techniques of Psychotherapy: Make person w/ split mind a unified mind, that can function easily (happy) OBJECT- RELATION THEORY Freud didnt really observe children o O.R. Theorist did huge study on children Moved Psychoanalysis forward ENORMOUSLY MOST IMPORTANT FACT OF CHILDHOOD: DEPENDENCE Childs primary problem: to SURVIVE Its needs are o Food o Protection o Warmth o Learning Child= totally helpless Must get needs via adults o Food, protection, warmth, etc. Thus its relationship to adults is one of DEPENDENCE Without adult, child would: Starve to death Freeze to death Never learn to walk, talk, etc DEPENDENCY on parent for survival controls everything ALL TRAUMAS IN CHILDHOOD ARE DISTURBANCES IN DEPENDENCY These disturbances can include: abandonment, failure to protect, etc PRIMARY TASK OF THE CHILD IS TO SETUP DEPENDENCY RELATIONSHIPS W/ AN ADULT THAT PROVIDES FOR THE CHILDS SURVIVAL Relationships are therefore everything o Hence object- relations theory...
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- Fall '08