Professor Erma Strauffer
18 December 2011
Winter 2011-COMS 102-Take Home Test #1
Please put your answers in your own words. Type
your answers and use complete
sentences. Thank you.
List the different kinds of fears that the authors suggest may cause nervousness in public
speaking. Which of these fears do you identify with the most? How can you not only
overcome these fears, but also use them to help you become a better public speaker?
The different types of fears include the fear of failure, fear of the unknown, fear of the
spotlight, fear of breaking the rules, and fear of fear.
I relate mostly with fear of failure and
fear of fear.
I occasionally visualize myself messing up parts of my speech, and my
presentation would have a snowball effect, getting worse and worse and I feel the anxiety.
However, I think that the only way I can improve is by only imagining myself succeeding, and
giving a well-formed speech.
I also should be aware that during my speech, if something were
to happen, that I do not get stressed out and I continue where I start.
2. The authors of your text give you four ways to avoid plagiarism. What are they?
Four ways to avoid plagiarism are to always acknowledge a document your source orally;
to not use the same sequence of ideas and organization that the source did; tell the audience
exactly when and how you are citing someone else’s exact words in your presentation; and never
buy, find, or use someone else’s speech as your own work.
3.-4. Look at Section 5. Go through the seven basic principles for evaluating a speaker, but
instead of evaluating a speaker, talk about the ethical considerations associated with each
principles. Please put your answers in your own words. 2 pts.
When speaking in front of an audience, the purpose should be apparent by the end of the
However, audiences want a genuine speaker, someone they can trust to believe.
As a result, one should not be embarrassed to reveal one’s true purpose, and evaluate how the
listeners would interpret the presentation. Similarly, a speaker should understand their audience,
and set up their speech that carries out their purpose in the best way. An ethical speaker must
understand and balance out what the audience would enjoy hearing opposed to what is true.
The speaker must also respect the requirements they are given, using the environment
properly. Time limits should be met, and the content of the speech should be appropriate for the
Additionally, the information within the speech should be recent and relevant.