toolkits - • 300 kya Middle Paleolithic • Increased...

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Tool Kits over time: Oldowan stone tools Homo habilis, 2.5-1.5 mya Process involves taking a hammer stone, and hitting with the core stone, so that flakes are removed resulting in a functional tool. Chopper tool-removal of some flakes creates a chopper with one sharpened end. Discoid tool-flakes are removed from the entire perimeter of the stone Use of tools shows: § Reduced jaws—easier to consume meat § Enlarged brain—ability to make the tools § Increased carnivory –more meat to consume using tools Information, top picture: (Neill 2011) (Larsen, 295) Source: “The Oldowan”
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1.5 m–200kya Bifacially flaked hand axes More advanced than Oldowwon, proucded from a larger variety of raw materials and made into a greater range of tool types. Hand axe to cut, scrape, etc. Used to kill large animals Tool Kits over time: Acheulean tools (Neill 2011) (Larsen, 324)
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Unformatted text preview: • 300 kya, Middle Paleolithic • Increased precision with Levallois technique – Preparing stone core and then flaking the raw materials for tools from this core • Used antlers or other tool to remove small flakes one side of the stone has flakes removed from the entire surface reminiscent to a tortoise shell a blow is directed at one end of the stone removing a large flake the flake is used for scraping or cutting • Repeated production of increase number of types (62) • Mousterian point (b, d), Scraper (a, c), Axe (e), Knife, borer, burin, notch – Other tool media: bone and antler Tool Kits over time: Mousterian tools (Neill 2011) (Larsen, 350) • A new tool kit appears in 50-40 kya • Specialized in blades • Upper Paleolithic (40 kya) - AMH Tool Kits over time: Mousterian tools (Neill 2011)...
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