Communism - 1. The Russian Empire: Casualty of the Great...

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1. The Russian Empire: Casualty of the Great War 1. Very unprepared, inexperienced. They were losing, under the brink of collapse. 1917, the population had determined had placed the blame on their monarch Tsar Nicholas II. The top generals got together and approached him and told him that they were going to lose the war and put the blame on him. They recommended that he should abdicate and give up all political power and retire to private life. 2. February, 1917: Provisional Government 1. Transitional gov’t, had prime minister Alexander Kerensky—moderate socialist that had an interest in advancing the agenda of the lower classes. Did not favor radical transformation of Russia—a moderate mainstream reform socialist. 2. Made a bad mistake: decision to continue to support war effort. He stubbornly insisted that the Russians had to follow through in commitment and fight in war. 1. Pg 302 bottom report from Russian army intelligence talking about morale and how the soldiers re viewing the provisional gov’t “again and again…severely criticized” other citizens and soldiers against his gov’t pg 303 1 st column “threats to the commanding personal, with Germans” ignoring what their commanding officers are told to do, threatening corp, fraternizing with the enemy. Ordinary Russian soldiers have more in common with German soldiers than with their own commanding officers. 2. Russians looking for an alternative and lost faith in the provisional government, new one to support 3. Soviets: Mensheviks, Bolsheviks, SRs 1. Members of the working class set up working organizations. Memberships open to any worker/working class member of the military. 2. 1917-industrialization process; develop a modern industrial economy but not far enough. 1. Russia did have a working class but it was fairly small and not well developed as those in Western European nations. They found they can organize the workers in only in the urban areas. Majority of Russian population still lived on country, members of peasant class. Soviets have political influence and authority only in the countryside
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Loeberg during the Spring '09 term at Cal Poly.

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Communism - 1. The Russian Empire: Casualty of the Great...

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