French Revolution

French Revolution - 1 Interpreting the French...

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1. Interpreting the French Revolution *YOU MISSED CLASS ON 4/25—GET NOTES 1. Becoming Modern 1. Commenced in 1789 2. Aspects of French Revolution 1. Logo-Government of the Fifth Republic 1789 there was revolution overthrew monarchy, and established 1 st republic. Again returned to monarchy back and forth until the present, and are currently in their fifth republic 1. Basic political values introduced in 1789 has remained an important component in French culture Liberty, Equality, Fraternity 2. Showed modern political culture and goes back to this time. 1. Evoke French revolution-borrowing language, vocab., etc. 2. Many Meanings of the Revolution 1. Karl Marx-19 th century historian with strong interest in studying French revolution; radical 1. Class struggle, interested in the decline and fall of traditional aristocracy. By 18 th century, the aristocracy was losing power and fading away as a social class. A new social class was rising up to take its place called the bourgeoisie. Referring to the uniquely modern class, the merchants, economic power over mastery of the capitalist system. Including business owners, doctors, lawyers, bankers—ruling class. 2. French revolution happened because new emerging bourgeoisie gained economic power and wanted a political power to go along with it. Attempt to seize political authority and regarded this as a successful attempt and they were able to get rid of remnants of the monarchy and established themselves as new political force 2. Alexis de Toqueville-19 th century, read excerpt pg 98 1. Tied into Enlightenment—“simple and elementary rules deduced from reason and natural law…one notion” All about the growth and expansion of rationality. It was a dramatic attempt to rationalize the political structure in France. Old system was corrupt, ineffective, and inefficient. There was strong need to make the political structure more rational and effective. Needed to modernize and streamline the structure and contrast the old structure 3. Edmund Burke-famous Irish statesman that lived around time of French Revolution 1. Horrified with what he saw: a disruptive event, fan of European social order and believed it evolved naturally over hundreds of years and should be respected. Liked tradition and custom—if people did things the same way, there must be a reason for that. Taken the customs and tradition and thrown it out of the window. Revolution undermined the stability of the social order. 2. Conservative philosopher; definition of conservative provided a critique. “I hate the French revolution, I hate what it has done to Europe, in opposition”; strong critic, eventually the revolution descended into violence and there was ambiguity 4. Francois Furet-also conservative, based ideas on Burke 1. Took argument further, said violence was inherent from the beginning and revolution could not have happened in a peaceful way and had to be violent from the start 2. Any changes to French society, violence was the only way to bring that out
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Loeberg during the Spring '09 term at Cal Poly.

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French Revolution - 1 Interpreting the French...

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