socialism - 1. Luddism 1. Developing new movements and...

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1. Luddism 1. Developing new movements and parties and make a comprehensive agenda designed to challenge industrial capitalism 2. Most dramatic! Machine breakers—workers that recognizes the dangers that came from automation. Uneducated but not stupid—understood economic impact and saw that factory owners were bringing more machines (automate most of production process) 1. Workers found that they would be out of the job 2. General Lud imaginary leader of this movement. This figure inspired a lot of social actions. They needed a symbol and idea of General Lud to continue out this campaign 2. Reform Socialsm and Chartism 1. Reform Socialist—able to work in that environment’ people who believed that they can accomplish major goals of working class by promoting reform. Can go to Parliaments and other representative bodies and encourage officials to imporive conditions of working class—no revolution. Work in system to promote working class agenda. 1. In Great Britain, the Chartist movement 1. Wanted voting rights. By the 19 th century, most of the other societies had representative governments but they did not represent everyone—most of them represented the minority of the population 2. In Britain, to become part of Parliament, you had to own a certain amount of property. To be able to vote, you had to own a certain level of property this excludes working class from politics. Chartists objected this and argued in the 19 th century that works should have full political rights 3. They circulated a petition called the Charter that called for extending voting rights into the voting class. Started in 1830’s and gathered a million signatures and brought to the parliament rejected, very bourgeoisie, had no interest in promoting it. 4. After their rejection, they continued to gather signatures in 1840’s with 3 million signatures and were rejected again. They then experienced wave of working class strikes, protests, and demonstrations. They felt the ruling elites needed to pay attention to their pleas.
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Loeberg during the Spring '09 term at Cal Poly.

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socialism - 1. Luddism 1. Developing new movements and...

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