The Great War

The Great War - 1. What Caused the Great War? 1. Freud:...

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1. What Caused the Great War? 1. Freud: Western Civilization Goes Crazy—his explanation 1. Believed that the Great War provided firm evidence that west civilization had lost its mind. He tried to take the theory of individual psychology which he developed prior and tried to expand it to encompass group/social psychology. He believed that every individual has powerful instinctive drives, and in the modern world we are not allowed to express them so we repress them. When this is done, the result is neurotic behavior. 2. Civilization as a whole has these fundamental instinctive drives and civilization as a whole represses these drives and the entire civilization had become neurotic in the early 20 th century 1. Constant repression caused a neurotic society. 2. Seemingly senseless behavior (no cause or reason) 1. Senseless mass murder! Freud was right about unconscious of drives and impressions of those drives 3. Pg 287 Russell mathematician and philosopher responding to enthusiasm for war bottom “the prospect filled me with horror…anticipatin of carnage was delightful…population” fellow citizens enthusiastic about war “revise views on human nature….arrived for myself…not unlike those of the psychoanalysts” he never knew anything about it, and he independently arrived at similar conclusions 1. People are driven by irresistible impulses 4. 288 “I discovered they like destruction even better” similar to Thanatos, impulse towards murder/mayhem/chaos 2. Vladimir Lenin: Competing Capitalist Empires 1. An economic factor to drive nations to embark on destructive war—Lenin was a major Marxist intellectual in late 19 th -20 th . Famous in role played in Russian Revolution (create the first communist society in world in 1917). His influential idea on motivations behind Great War 1. Interested in Capitalism and by early 20 th century, Capitalism entered the Imperialist phase. 1. Each was organized; all of them maintained far flung empires. At a certain point, they all go after empires and are ambitious to construct empires. Wanted to expand, more territory, resources, etc. It can never be satisfied. 2. Identify contradictions within existing capitalist system. 1. Each expand indefinitely and world is finite and at a certain point, capitalist territories will claim all land and there only alternative is to turn against each other 1. WAR is the competition between the empires. 3. People with no maxism agreed 1. 239? Von hardy conservative German general agreed with radical Marxist bottom 2 nd “every part of globe inhabited…becomes a law of necessity” very close to Lenin’s argument. Same logic from left and right. 3. Fritz Fischer: It’s All Germany’s Fault 1. Prominent and respected historian come out with Geramany’s Aims in the First World War—hihgly controversial. Argued that the great war was entirely the fault of Germany and identified the German nation as the perpetrator of the war and suggestd that Germans should bear responsibility for starting
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Loeberg during the Spring '09 term at Cal Poly.

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The Great War - 1. What Caused the Great War? 1. Freud:...

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