The Information Age

The Information Age - 1 Networking in the Cold War 1 Information is the basis for our social and cultural structure 2 Paul Baron-major computer

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1. Networking in the Cold War 1. Information is the basis for our social and cultural structure 2. Paul Baron-major computer researcher that worked for the RAND corporation in the 1950-60’s. Came up with the earliest and ost influential ideas of how computer netoworks ought to be designed nd built. Interested in network architecture—the structure/design of a communications network. Considered several different designs. 1. Centralized network—computer network controlled by one central computer. 1. Advantages: easy to manage and regulate. Careful control over one central computer to regulate the entire ntwork 2. Disadvantages: if that one computer goes down, the entire network goes down. 2. Americans were paranoid about possibility of nuclear war, so what kind of network out to be diesigned if there was likelihood of a nuclear conflict. 1. Stay away from centralized design—the Soviets would drop one bar on that central computer to wipe out that central system 3. Descentralized network—local sectors/hubs that are connecred to other hubs. It was better, more durable and resistant to possible enemy attack, the soviets whould have to use a few bombs to wipe it out 4. Distributed network—for purposes of US during Cold War, it was best model, rugged, durable. If built a network on this model, this network would function if there was a nuclear war. 1. If you tye thinkgs up using distributed network, if part of it is destroyed, whatever is left can keep on functioning. 2. Set up network with redundancy, the network would route around. It provides no obvious target— no central computer, no obvious place to direct the attack.
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Loeberg during the Spring '09 term at Cal Poly.

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The Information Age - 1 Networking in the Cold War 1 Information is the basis for our social and cultural structure 2 Paul Baron-major computer

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