May23 - PHIL 230 | 23 May 2011 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Need...

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PHIL 230 | 23 May 2011 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND + Need to understand Descartes’ philosophy Hume is highly critical of Descartes—not trying to refine it but instead how deeply flawed Descartes’ philosophy is Newton was a boss. Sir Isaac Newton and the turn to empiricism o Not because he thought God existed, etc. o Deemed a philosopher because in the 18 th century, sciences were not separation between pursuing knowledge and being philosopher—he was a natural philosopher. o Newton gave us criticism on Descartes’ writings A priori vs. a posteriori claims Rationalism vs. empiricism Newton offered and deep and profound criticisms of Cartesian physics o Mathematics applies to the world because we correctly learned the physical properties of objects when we perceive them. Object with a triangular shape it really is triangular. So whatever I learned about triangles in my thoughts must be true. o
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May23 - PHIL 230 | 23 May 2011 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Need...

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