Final SG - FSN 210 Nutrition - Study Guide for Final Exam...

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FSN 210 Nutrition - Study Guide for Final Exam Fall 2011 Final Exam: Monday 12/5 from 10 AM to 1 PM. 150 points. The final exam will be structured like the midterm; mostly multiple choice questions with one or two key short-answer, open-ended questions per chapter. The open-ended questions will often be based on the ‘Knowledge Check’ questions at the end of each section. Nutrition basics from before the midterm to keep in mind for the final exam. 1. What is nutrition? What is a nutrient…. .and what are the six major classes? “science of food; the nutrients and the substances therein; their action, interaction and blance in relation to health and disease; and the process by which the organism ingests, digests, absorbs, transports, utilizes, and excretes food substances.” Carbs (4), proteins (4), water, fat (9 kcal), vitamins, and minerals. 2. What is meant by an essential vs. nonessential nutrient? Essential: a substance that when left ``q out of a diet leads to signs of poor health because the body can’t produce this nutrient or produce enough of it to meet its needs. If added back to a diet before permanent damage occurs, the affected aspects of health are restored. 3. What is the definition of a calorie (as in kcalorie)? How many calories per gram are associated with each nutrient? Calorie: amount of heat energy it take to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius. 1000 calories, amount of heat to raise the temperature of 1000 g of water 1 degree Celsius. Alcohol (7) 4. Be able to convert grams of a nutrient to kcals and kcals of a nutrient to grams. 5. What are the DRI’s, RDA’s, EAR’s, AI’s and UL’s and how do they differ from each other? LOOK AT PREVIOUS SG AND MEMORIZE, DAMMIT 6. What is nutrient density—can you recognize a nutrient dense vs. non-nutrient dense food? How does this differ from caloric density? Nutrient Density: ratio derived by dividing a food’s contribution to nutrient needs by its contribution to energy needs. When its contribution to nutrient needs exceeds its energy contribution, the food is considered to have a favorable nutrient density. o Ex: the orange has 108% of RDA and 4% of her daily calorie need. o Divide the amount of a nutrient in a serving of the food by your DRI. Then divide the calories in a serving of the food by your daily calorie need EER. Then compare it. Calorie Density: comparing a food’s calorie content per gram weight of food. o Energy dense are high in calories and weight little (fried foods) o Low energy density have a lot of water which makes them weight more but contain few calories (fruits) 7. What are the micronutrients and the macronutrients? Micro: nutrient needed in milligram or microgram quantities in the diet
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Final SG - FSN 210 Nutrition - Study Guide for Final Exam...

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