Vitamin and Minerals worksheet

Vitamin and Minerals worksheet - Kaitlin Pham FSN 210...

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Kaitlin Pham FSN 210 Vitamin and Minerals worksheet Vitamin Name(s) Major Functions Deficiency symptoms Food sources RDA or AI (wit mg, mcg or othe unit) and UL Vitamin A Growth and development : of eyes, limbs, cardiovascular system, and the nervous system. Cell Differentiation : regulate the formation of messenger RNA and formation of proteins Vision Immune Function Use of Vitamin A Analogs in Dermatology Changes in the eye—night blindness, conjuctival xerosis (abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva of the eye), bitot’s spots (foamy gray spots on the eye consisting of hardened epithelial cells), keratomalacia (softening of cornea) and scarring. Skin changes (follicular hyperkeratosis) where hair follicles become plugged giving dry, rough, sandy texture. Liver, fish & oils, fortified milk, and eggs. Found in dark green and yellow- orange vegetables and fruits (carrots, spinach, sweet potatoes, broccoli, mangoes, cantaloupe, peaches, and apricots) RDA: 900 μ g Reti Activity Equivalen per day for men; 7 μ g for woman UL: 3000 μ g/day Vitamin D Helps regulate the body’s concentration of calcium and phosphorus. Promotes increased intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus from foods to maintain blood levels of these minerals. Makes calcium and phosphorus available for body cells. Releases calcium and phosphorus from bone into the blood to restore blood levels of these minerals . Also involved in immune functions and cellular metabolism . Decrease certain types of infections and autoimmune disease Deposition in bone that causes bones to weaken and bow under pressure. Enlarged head, joints, and rig cage; a deformed pelvis, and bowed legs. Osteomalacia: fracutres in hip, spine, and other bones. Occurs in adults with kidney, liver, gallbladder, or intestinal disease because these diseases affect both vitamin D metabolism and calcium absorption. Fatty fish (sardines, mackerel, and salmon), cod liver oil, fortified milk, fortified breakfast cereals. AI: 5 μ g/day (200 IU/day) for people under 51; 10 μ g/da (400 IU/day) for people 51-70; and μ g/day (600 IU/da for older adults. UL: 50 μ g/day Vitamin E Functions as an antioxidant that stops chain reactions caused by free radicals that can damage cells. Rare in humans, people with fat malabsorption conditions, smokers, and preterm infants are at greatest risk. Deficiency is the premature breakdown of red blood cells and the development of hemolytic anemia. Can impair immune function and cause neurological changes in the spinal cord and peripheral nervous system. Plant oils (cottonseed, canola, safflower, and sunflower oils) wheat germ, asparagus, almonds, peanuts, and sunflower seeds. Products made from the plant oils (margarine, shortening, and salad dressings). RDA: 15 mg/day o
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course FSN 210 taught by Professor Lisanicholson during the Fall '11 term at Cal Poly.

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Vitamin and Minerals worksheet - Kaitlin Pham FSN 210...

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