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psy 413 exam 1 study guide

psy 413 exam 1 study guide - PSY 413 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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PSY 413 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 1. When applying an ecological perspective to the parent-child relationship, what must be examined and who is it influencing? Developmental changes in individuals as well as in families and other social groups take place within the context of interactions with changing environmental systems. Must examine the context of the various environments both past and present, that influence and shape not only the behavior of adults as parents but also that of their children. 2. Why do people need education and training about parenthood? Nature of the parent child relationship can harm or benefit a child’s development. People can learn how to be effective in raising children to adulthood and may be able to improve their behavior as parents 3. Describe the differences between the unidirectional model and the bidirectional model. Unidirectional Model of Socializaiton: relationship traditionally patterns the role of the adult as a teacher who is responsible for inculcating appropriate behavior patterns, values and attitudes that prepare children for effective participation in society upon reaching maturity. The child’s role is that of being an active learner, information is from the parent only Bidirectional Model: (current): both adults and children influence one another as their relationship experiences developmental changes over time 4. Be familiar with the 3 characteristic traits and qualities with regard to the Parent-Child relationship outlined in this chapter. a. The relationship btwn parents and children is a subsystem of the larger social system we call a family b. Parenthood is a developmental role c. Parenthood is a social construct 5. (Eight factors significantly contribute to the manner by which one’s behavior is patterned into a parental role.) Know and be able to give an example of the 8 predisposing factors that combine to influence parenting style and form a parenting blueprint. 1. Cultural influences: social class or peer value system 2. Developmental time: in which adults and children are actively engaged in the child-rearing process 3. Primary parenting functions that fall into 2 categories of actions that serve as the basis for parenting behaviors: providing structure and nurturance 4. Family of origin influences: such as role models one observed as a child from ones own parents 5. Child influences, or ways in which children can impact parental behavior 6. Disciplinary approach, or the program of discipline adopted with child’s developmental level 7. Family ecological factors: such as the particular structure of a family system and the trends that have affected family form 8. Attitudes and parenting styles or beliefs that influence how one should behave as a parent
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Chapter 2 1. Define culture.
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