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Unformatted text preview: Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 3 1. Define and understand the concepts of wholeness, interdependence, rules, roles, boundaries, entropy, equifinality, adaptation, and homeostasis. -wholeness: a family operates on this principle; family group must be considered in its entirety to understand how it works. Greater than the sum of its parts. - Interdependence: anything that affects one person in a family also affects every other person in the family to some degree. - Rules: created to govern family members’ behavior. Rules provide common ground for understanding which behaviors are acceptable and appropriate - Explicit: known, stated - Implicit: unspoken-->inferred by nonverbal behavior - Roles: roles generally have associated rules that establish appropriate behavior of the person who occupies that role - Boundaries: serve to establish limits that distinguish a family system from all others and differentiate between the people who are members of a particular family system. - Open - closed - Entropy: disorder or chaos in system functioning that results from lack of input or info from outside the system as a means of resolving a crisis or problem. - Positive: movement away from - Negative: movement enhances entropy - Equifinality: families share common goals but reach them in different ways - Adaptation: if the system is the system is to continue to function effective patterns must be readjusted periodically - Homeostasis: stability over time (dynamic equilibrium) 2. During times of stress, which is more desirable: morphogenesis or morphostasis? Morphogenesis is thought to be more desirable in allowing systems to work out means that will ensure its continued existence and functioning. 3. When a family system is unable to make successful adaptation or transition in relation to a stressor, the group experiences a snag point. The end result of a family experiencing a snag point is family crisis. 4. Be familiar with Ecological Model, what it emphasizes and what each system consists of: - Microsystem: family, peers, school, neighborhood - Mesosystem: relations between the first and all other systems that affect person - Exosystem: go’s agencies, community programs, employment settings of parents - Macrosystem: larger culture, generalized beliefs, behavior patterns, and value systems - Chronosystem: changes of an individual over his or her lifespan at a particular historical time. *5. Be familiar with how Bronfenbrenner’s approach resembles some of the features in the family systems theory. 6. Know Erikson’s stages and ages -Trust vs., mistrust: to get; to give in return (birth- 18 mos.) - Autonomy vs. shame/doubt: to hold on; to let go (18 mos. - 3 yrs.) - Initiative vs. Guilt: to make; to make like (3-6 yrs.) - Industry vs. inferiority: to make things; to make together (6-12 yrs.) - Identity vs. role confusion: to be oneself; to share being oneself (12-18 yrs.) - Intimacy vs. isolation: to lose and find oneself in another (18-24 yrs.) - Generativity vs. self-absorption: to make be; to take care of (24- 54 yrs.) - Generativity vs....
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This note was uploaded on 01/06/2012 for the course PSY 413 taught by Professor Marygarcialemus during the Spring '11 term at Cal Poly.
- Spring '11