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psy 420 intervention critique

psy 420 intervention critique - Hannah Bauss Psy 420...

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Hannah Bauss Psy 420 3/12/10 Intervention Critique: PeaceBuilders I. Description PeaceBuilders (2003) describes their program as a research-validated violence prevention program for youth. It is approved by the Safe and Drug-Free Schools Act. It is also a comprehensive program with the goal to change the entire climate of a classroom, school, etc. to one that is a peaceful, productive, and safe place for children, teenagers, parents, staff, and faculty. Managed by PeacePartners, Inc., and located in Long Beach, California, PeaceBuilders addresses the issue of aggression and violence among children at school and at home as well as risk factors that have been known to predict violence, bullying, and drug and tobacco use. PeaceBuilders is a science-based program which means that it was created by a team of psychologists and education professionals who applied the proven findings of other research studies to this method with success. In addition, it is a research-validated program which indicates that after the program was implemented research was done to measure the program’s impact on children’s lives and whether or not those findings were significant. Much of PeaceBuilders is also based on brain science and the levels of different hormones and neurotransmitters in the brain (PeaceBuilders, 2003). Of PeaceBuilders’ many goals, one is to teach adults how to create a safe and positive environment for all children. The program is specifically designed to be able to be integrated into a daily routine. PeaceBuilders identifies specific risk factors and explains how to manage them with simple techniques (PeaceBuilders, 2003). It enables adults to reinforce and model behaviors at school, home, and in public places (Embry, Flannery, Vazsonyi, Powell & Atha, 1996). The program attempts to change the characteristics of a setting that trigger aggressive and
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hostile behavior, which allows teachers to spend more time teaching rather than disciplining which means that academic achievement of students increases as well. PeaceBuilders has been found to reduce aggression, promote language development, teach prosocial skills, increase parenting skills, create inclusion for special needs children, and to foster safer communities. It increases positive, respectful, and thoughtful behavior while decreasing violence and disruptive behavior, which is one of the main goals of this program as well as enhancing resiliency and self- efficacy – including self-monitoring (PeaceBuilders, 2003). PeaceBuilders teaches five main principles: 1) praise people, 2) avoid putdowns, 3) seek wise people as advisors and friends, 4) notice and correct hurts we cause, and 5) right wrongs (Embry, Flannery, Vazsonyi, Powell & Atha, 1996). The main theory promoting PeaceBuilders is that youth violence can be reduced by initiating prevention early in childhood, increasing children’s resilience, and reinforcing positive behaviors. PeaceBuilders includes daily rituals related to its language and principles to foster a sense of belonging; cues and symbols that can be applied to
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