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psy 459 application paper 2

psy 459 application paper 2 - Perspective and Prospective...

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Perspective and Prospective Parenting Advice Written by Hannah Bauss To new or expecting parents: starting to worry about the best way to parent your new little ones? Have no fear! In this exclusive article we will interview four renowned child development psychologists on their opinions of childhood development and what you can do to help them along! Four different theories and viewpoints will be presented in this article so feel free to mix and match the advice given based on your family’s needs. Each guest will be addressing two questions that our readers have for them to the best of his abilities, also giving insight into his theory. Our four theorists will be: Erik Erickson with a psychoanalytic perspective, B.F. Skinner with a learning theory, John Bowlby’s ethological theory, and finally Alfred Bandura’s social learning theory. Erikson Q: In your article, “Problems of infancy and early childhood,” you discuss different stages of development children go through and how different factors (i.e. parents, culture, etc.) affect their development. When a child lives in an “overprotective atmosphere” you say they become terrified of change. How can parents cope with, change, or prevent this from happening to their child? A: Well, I believe that some amount of anxiety is normal in childhood and is necessary for children to develop a sense of safe vs. unsafe behaviors. I would suggest that parents provide their children with specific explanations for their own actions as parents in response to what their child did or did not do. For example, if a parent’s only explanation or response when a child asks why they are being punished is “it’s for your own good” or “because I said so” the child will not have a full understanding of why they are being punished. All that they will take away from the situation is that when they do or do not partake in a certain activity they will be punished for it. This can cause them severe anxiety because they do not know if they will receive the same punishment for another behavior that is similar to the one they were punished for because they do not understand the reason for the original punishment. This can cause children to feel extremely anxious because they don’t know what behaviors are acceptable and which ones aren’t! So, I am telling you that as a parent, get in the habit of explaining things to your children. This does not mean giving them a detailed explanation of exactly why they got
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in trouble because that will be above their developmental level. Instead, explain to your children in simple terms that they can understand why a certain behavior or action is wrong and why they are being punished for it. This way the child will be better able to understand the cause for their punishment and will hopefully be able to use that information to avoid putting themselves in that situation again. Having this knowledge and understanding will assist in lessoning children’s anxieties about behaviors that will
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psy 459 application paper 2 - Perspective and Prospective...

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